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Enabling Legislation for Children’s Ombudsman Services

Nearly every state offers ombuds services for children. Because they have all passed enabling legislation for children’s ombudsman services, unique to their political landscape, state agency structures, and regulatory requirements, there are many examples of legislation.

Hopefully, this directory of enabling legislation and state statutes regarding ombudsman services for children in other states will be a helpful resource to Louisiana’s officials who are considering the creation of an Office of Children’s Ombudsman for Louisiana’s children and families.

State-level Legislation

The Children’s Ombudsman services in most states operate at the state level, are created by acts of the state legislatures, and are offices or departments in state government. This table identifies the states’ ombuds services and provides links to the Ombudsman websites and enabling legislation that created the services in the respective states.

Enabling Legislation
AlaskaAlaska Office of Ombudsman
Alaska Stat. 24.55.010-340
ArizonaArizona Office of Ombudsman Citizens Aide
Ariz. Rev. Stat. 41-1371 through 41-1383
ArkansasArkansas Public Defender’s Commission’s Juvenile Ombudsman
Ark. Code Ann. § 16-87-216
ArkansasArkansas Child Welfare Ombudsman Division
AR Code § 20-82-211 (2020)
CaliforniaOffice of the State Foster Care Ombudsperson
Cal. Welfare And Institutions Code § 16160-16167
ColoradoOffice of Colorado’s Child Protection Ombudsman
Colo. Rev. Stat. § 19-3.3-101 to -109
ConnecticutConnecticut Office of the Child Advocate
Conn. Gen. Stat. § 46a-13k
DelawareDelaware Office of the Child Advocate
Del. Code Ann. tit. 29 §  9001A – 9009A
GeorgiaOffice of the Child Advocate for the Protection of Children
Ga. Code Ann, § 15-11-740 et. Seq.
HawaiiOffice of the Ombudsman
Hawaii Rev. Stat. § 96-1 to 96-19
IllinoisIllinois DCFS Office of the Inspector General
Ch. 20 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 505/35.5
IndianaIndiana Ombudsman Bureaus
Ind. Code §  4-13-19
IowaIowa Office of Ombudsman
Iowa Code § 2C-1 et.seq.
KentuckyKentucky Office of Ombudsman
Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 194A.030(A)
MaineMaine Children’s Ombudsman
Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 22 § 4087-A
MassachusettsMassachusetts Office of the Child Advocate
Mass Gen. Laws ch. 18 § 1-13
MichiganMichigan Office of the Children’s Ombudsman
Act 204 of 1994, Michigan Compiled Laws, Section (§§) 722.921-932.
MinnesotaMinnesota Office of Ombudsperson for Families
Minn. Stat. § 257.0755 et. seq.
MissouriMissouri Office of Child Advocate
Mo. Rev. Stat. § 37.705
MontanaMontana Office of the Child and Family Ombudsman
Montana Code Annotated, Title 41, Chapter 3, Part 12. (Montana Legislature, 2013 Session)
NebraskaNebraska Office of Public Counsel
Neb. Rev. Stat. § 81-8,240 to 8-8,254
New HampshireNew Hampshire Office of the Child Advocate
NH Rev. Stat. § 21-V:1-10
New YorkNew York Office of the Ombudsman
N.Y. Exec. Law § 523b
OregonThe Office of Children’s Advocate
Or. Rev. Stat. § 417.810
Rhode IslandRhode Island Office of the Child Advocate
R.I. Gen. Laws § 42-73-1 et seq.
South CarolinaThe South Carolina Department of Children’s Advocacy
S.C. Code of Laws Ann. Sections 63-11-2210, et.seq.
TennesseeTennessee Ombudsman for Children and Families
Tenn. Code Ann. § 37-3-101, et. seq.
TexasOmbudsman for the Department of Family and Protective Services
Tex. Govt Code § 531.992, et. seq.
TexasHHS Office of the Ombudsman
Tex Adm Code Title 26, Part 1, Chapter 87, Subchapter A, Rule § 87.101
TexasOmbudsman for Managed Care Assistance
Tex Adm Code Title 26, Part 1, Chapter 87, Subchapter B, Rule § 87.201
TexasOmbudsman for Children and Youth in Foster Care
Tex Adm Code Title 26, Part 1, Chapter 87, Subchapter C, Rule § 87.301
TexasIntellectual or Developmental Disability Ombudsman
Tex Adm Code Title 26, Part 1, Chapter 87, Subchapter E, Rule § 87.501
TexasIndependent Ombudsman for the Texas Juvenile Justice Department
Tex Adm Code Title 37, Part 14, Chapter 601, Rule § 87.501
UtahUtah Office of Child Protection Ombudsman
Utah Code. Ann. 62A-4a-208
VirginiaOffice of the Children’s Ombudsman
Code of Virginia, Chapter 4.4, Sections (§§) 2.2-439
WashingtonWashington State Office of the Family and Children’s Ombudsman
Wash. Rev. Code § 43.06A
West VirginiaFoster Care Ombudsman
W. Va. Code §49-9-101

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